Car Manufacturers

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The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles, and is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue.

History

The first automobile with a petrol engine was built by Karl Benz in 1885 in Mannheim, Germany. Benz was granted a patent for his automobile on 29 January 1886, and began the first production of automobiles in 1888, after Bertha Benz, his wife, had proved with the first long-distance trip in August 1888 (from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back) that the horseless coach was absolutely suitable for daily use. Since 2008 a Bertha Benz Memorial Route commemorates this event.

Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile, rather than a horse-drawn carriage fitted with an engine. They also are usually credited as inventors of the first motorcycle, the Daimler Reitwagen, in 1885, but Italy's Enrico Bernardi, of the University of Padua, in 1882, patented a 0.024 horsepower (17.9 W) 122 cc (7.4 cu in) one-cylinder petrol motor, fitting it into his son's tricycle, making it at least a candidate for the first automobile, and first motorcycle;.[1]:p.26 Bernardi enlarged the tricycle in 1892 to carry two adults.[1]:p.26

Until 2005, the U.S.A. was leading the world in total automobile production. In 2006, Japan narrowly passed the U.S. in production and held this rank until 2008. In 2009, China took the top spot with 13.78 million units produced. With 18.3 million units produced 2010, China produced nearly twice the amount of second place Japan (9.6 million units), the U.S. trailed in place 3 with 7.8 million units. [2]


Economy

About 250 million vehicles are in use in the United States. Around the world, there were about 806 million cars and light trucks on the road in 2007, consuming over 260 billion US gallons (980,000,000 m3) of gasoline and diesel fuel yearly.[3] The automobile is a primary mode of transportation for many developed economies. The Detroit branch of Boston Consulting Group predicts that, by 2014, one-third of world demand will be in the four BRIC markets (Brazil, Russia, India and China). Other potentially powerful automotive markets are Iran and Indonesia.[4] Emerging auto markets already buy more cars than established markets. According to a J.D. Power study, emerging markets accounted for 51 percent of the global light-vehicle sales in 2010. The study expects this trend to accelerate.[5][6]

World motor vehicle production

By year

Template:Global Production of Motorvehicles

By country

Template:World motor vehicle production by country in 2010

By manufacturer

Template:World motor vehicle production by manufacturer in 2010

Company relationships

It is common for automobile manufacturers to hold stakes in other automobile manufacturers. These ownerships can be explored under the detail for the individual companies.

Notable current relationships include:[citation needed]

Top vehicle manufacturing groups (by volume)

The table below shows the world's largest motor vehicle manufacturing groups, along with the marques produced by each one. The table is ranked by 2010 end of year production figures from the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)[7] for the parent group, and then alphabetically by marque. Joint ventures are not reflected in this table. Production figures of joint ventures are typically included in OICA rankings, which can become a source of controversy.[8][9]

Marque Country of origin Ownership Markets
1. Toyota Motor Corporation (23x15px Japan)
Daihatsu 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America and Australia
Hino 23x15px Subsidiary Asia Pacific, North America and South America
Lexus 23x15px Division Global
Scion 23x15px Division North America
Toyota 23x15px Division Global
2. General Motors Company (23x15px United States)
Buick 23x15px Division North America, China, Israel, Taiwan
Cadillac 23x15px Division North America, Europe, Asia, Middle East, Africa
Chevrolet 23x15px Division Global, except Australia, New Zealand
GMC 23x15px Division North America, Middle East
Holden 23x15px Subsidiary Australia, New Zealand
Opel 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, United Kingdom
Vauxhall 23x15px Subsidiary United Kingdom
3. Volkswagen Group AG (23x15px Germany)
Audi 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Bentley 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Bugatti 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Lamborghini 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Scania 23x15px Subsidiary Global
SEAT 23x15px Subsidiary Europe, South America, North Africa, Middle East
Škoda 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, Japan and South Africa
Volkswagen 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles 23x15px Subsidiary Global
4. Hyundai Kia Automotive Group (23x15px South Korea)
Hyundai 23x15px Division Global
Kia 23x15px Division Global, except Mexico
5. Ford Motor Company (23x15px United States)
Ford 23x15px Division Global
Lincoln 23x15px Division North America, Middle East, Japan, South Korea
6. Nissan (23x15px Japan)
Infiniti 23x15px Division Global, except Japan, South America and Africa
Nissan 23x15px Division Global
7. Honda Motor Company (23x15px Japan)
Acura 23x15px Division North America, China
Honda 23x15px Division Global
8. PSA Peugeot Citroën S.A. (23x15px France)
Citroën 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, South Asia
Peugeot 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, South Asia
9. Suzuki Motor Corporation (23x15px Japan)
Maruti Suzuki 23x15px Subsidiary India, Middle East, South America
Suzuki 23x15px Division Global
10. Renault (23x15px France)
Dacia Template:Country data ROM Subsidiary Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia, except Japan
Renault 23x15px Division Global, except North America, South Korea
Renault Samsung 23x15px Subsidiary South America, Asia, except Japan and China
11. Fiat S.p.A. (23x15px Italy)
Abarth 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America
Alfa Romeo 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Ferrari 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Fiat 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Fiat Professional 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America and Japan
Lancia 23x15px Subsidiary Europe (except UK and Republic of Ireland) and Japan
Maserati 23x15px Subsidiary Global
12. Daimler AG (23x15px Germany)
Freightliner 23x15px Division North America, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand
Master 23x15px Subsidiary Pakistan
Maybach 23x15px Division Global
Mercedes-Benz 23x15px Division Global
Mitsubishi Fuso 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Orion 23x15px Subsidiary North America
Setra 23x15px Subsidiary Europe
Smart 23x15px Division North America, Europe, Japan, South East Asia, South Africa
Thomas Built 23x15px Subsidiary North America
Western Star 23x15px Subsidiary North America, Australia, New Zealand
13. Chrysler Group, LLC (23x15px United States)
Chrysler 23x15px Division Global
Dodge 23x15px Division Global
Jeep 23x15px Division Global
Ram 23x15px Division North America
14. BMW AG (23x15px Germany)
BMW 23x15px Division Global
MINI 23x15px Division Global
Rolls-Royce 23x15px Subsidiary Global
15. Mazda Motor Corporation (23x15px Japan)
Mazda 23x15px Division Global
16. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (23x15px Japan)
Mitsubishi 23x15px Division Global
17. Chana Automobile Company, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Chana 23x15px Division China, South Africa, Europe
18. Tata Motors, Ltd (23x15px India)
Hispano 23x15px Subsidiary Europe
Jaguar 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Land Rover 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Tata 23x15px Division Global, except North America
Tata Daewoo 23x15px Subsidiary South Korea
19. First Automotive Group Corporation (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Besturn 23x15px Division China
Freewind 23x15px Subsidiary China
Haima 23x15px Subsidiary China
Hongqi 23x15px Division China
Jiaxing 23x15px Subsidiary China
Vita 23x15px Subsidiary China
Xiali 23x15px Subsidiary China
20. Geely Automobile (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Geely 23x15px Division China, Russia, North Africa
Maple 23x15px Division China
Volvo (Cars) 23x15px Subsidiary Global
21. Chery Automobile Company, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Chery 23x15px Division China, Africa, South East Asia, Russia
Riich 23x15px Division China
Rely 23x15px Division China
22. Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd (23x15px Japan)
Subaru 23x15px Division Global
23. Dongfeng Motor Corporation (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Dongfeng 23x15px Division China
24. Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Corporation, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
BAW 23x15px Division China
Foton 23x15px Subsidiary China
25. OAO AvtoVAZ (23x15px Russia)
Lada 23x15px Division Global, except North America and Portugal
VAZ 23x15px Division Russia
26. BYD Auto (23x15px People's Republic of China)
BYD 23x15px Division China, Russia
27. Isuzu Motors, Ltd (23x15px Japan)
Isuzu 23x15px Division Global, except North America
28. Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Company, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
JAC 23x15px Division China
29. Brilliance China Automotive Holding, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Brilliance 23x15px Division China, North Africa
Jinbei 23x15px Subsidiary China
30. Great Wall Motor Company, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Great Wall 23x15px Division China, South Africa, Russia, North Africa, Australia
Litex Motors 23x15px Subsidiary Europe
31. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (23x15px People's Republic of China)
MG Motor 23x15px Subsidiary United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, China
Roewe 23x15px Division China
Soyat 23x15px Division China
Yuejin 23x15px Division China
32. Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd (23x15px India)
Mahindra 23x15px Division India, South East Asia, Europe, North Africa, North America
SsangYong** 23x15px Subsidiary Global
33. Hafei Motor (23x15px China)
Hafei 23x15px Subsidiary China
34. AB Volvo (23x15px Sweden)
Mack 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Nissan Diesel 23x15px Subsidiary Global
NovaBus 23x15px Subsidiary North America
Prevost 23x15px Subsidiary North America
Renault (trucks) 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except Japan
Volvo (trucks) 23x15px Division Global
35. Jiangxi Changhe Automobile (23x15px China)
Changhe 23x15px Division China
36. Qingling Motors Company Ltd. (23x15px China)
Qingling 23x15px Division China
37. Proton Holdings, Bhd (23x15px Malaysia)
Proton 23x15px Division Asia Pacific (except Japan and South Africa), United Kingdom, Middle East
Lotus 23x15px Subsidiary Global
38. Hunan Jiangnan Automobile (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Jiangnan 23x15px Division China
39. MAN SE (23x15px Germany)
MAN SE 23x15px Division Europe
40. Chongqing Lifan Automobile Company, Ltd (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Lifan 23x15px Division China
41. Fujian Motor Industry Group Company (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Soueast 23x15px Division China
42. Kuozui Motors, Ltd (23x15px Taiwan)
Kuozui 23x15px Subsidiary Taiwan
43. Shandong Kaima (23x15px China)
Kaima 23x15px Division China
Jubao 23x15px Division China
Aofeng 23x15px Division China
44. Porsche (23x15px Germany)
Porsche 23x15px Subsidiary Global
45. Chenzhou Gonow Nanyan Chifeng Vehicle (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Gonow 23x15px Division China
46. Ziyang Nanjun Automobile Co., Ltd. (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Nanjun 23x15px Division China
47. Rongcheng Huatai Motor (23x15px People's Republic of China)
Huatai 23x15px Division China

Notes

* Porsche Automobil Holding SE has a 50.7 percent share in the Volkswagen Group.[10] However, Volkswagen Group will acquire Porsche AG, the automotive manufacturer under a new "Integrated Automotive Group". This merger/acquisition is expected to be fully completed in mid-2011.[11][12]

** SsangYong Motor Company was acquired by India's Mahindra & Mahindra Limited in February 2011.[13]

Minor automotive manufacturers

There are many automobile manufacturers other than the major global companies. They are mostly regional or operating in niche markets.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886–1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
  2. "Production Statistics". OICA. Retrieved 9 Seitember 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. "Automobile Industry Introduction". Plunkett Research. 2008. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 
  4. Paul A. Eisenstein Building BRIC's: 4 Markets Could Soon Dominate the Auto World at TheDetroitBureau.com
  5. Bertel Schmitt (15 February 2011). "Auto industry sets new world record". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  6. "Global Automotive Outlook for 2011 Appears Positive as Mature Auto Markets Recover, Emerging Markets Continue to Expand". J.D. Power and Associates. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  7. "World Motor Vehicle Production: World Ranking of Manufacturers Year 2010" (PDF). OICA. Retrieved 2011-08-12. 
  8. "GM Slips to Number Two Worldwide, Ford to Fourth". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  9. "TTAC Announces World's Top Ten Automakers". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  10. "Volkswagen Group - Shareholder Structure". Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. VolkswagenAG.com. Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  11. "Porsche Supervisory Board agrees on the contracts of implementation" (Press release). Porsche Automobil Holding SE, Stuttgart. 20 November 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2009. 
  12. "Volkswagen Supervisory Board approves Comprehensive Agreement for an Integrated Automotive Group with Porsche" (Press release). Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. 13 August 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2009. 
  13. Nandini Sen Gupta, TNN, Feb 16, 2011, 12.56am IST (2011-02-16). "M&M seals $470m Ssangyong deal - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 

External links

See also

Template:Link GA

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